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The goal of the Center is to advance current knowledge about the fundamental human behavioral processes involved in decision making. Basic research conducted at the Center focuses on examining and explaining human behavior in different environmental contexts. For this purpose we use not only the tools and methods of behavioral psychology and contextual behavioral science, but also those employed in cognitive psychology and neuroscience. We focus mainly on behavioral economics research, in particular on the processes involved in discounting and valuation of goods that carry different types of costs.

If you have a research project in mind or seek to collaborate on an existing one — contact us!

DecisionLab

 

Team

258 wojciech bialaszek

 Associate Professor

Wojciech Białaszek

Head of DecisionLab
researches the impact of time and uncertainty on decision making

BIO »

pawel ostaszewski

 Professor

Paweł Ostaszewski

specializes in behavioral and biological psychology, and radical behaviorism

BIO »

joanna dudek

Assistant Professor 

Joanna Dudek

specializes in mindfulness, third wave therapies, and quality of life in chronic diseases

someone

 

Przemysław Marcowski

doctoral candidate at the Faculty of Psychology in Warsaw

 

Jakub Krawiec

doctoral candidate at the Faculty of Psychology in Warsaw

 

 

Szymon Mizak

student at the Faculty of Psychology in Warsaw

 

Collaborators

We cooperate with researchers in Poland and abroad. Our usual collaborators include:

  • Professor Piotr Zielonka, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW)
    Research on cognitive tendencies of investors and affect heuristic
  • Dr. Przemysław Sawicki, Kozminski University
    Research on the impact of mindfulness on choice making
  • mgr Franciszek Ostaszewski
    Research on wellbeing
  • Professor Steven Lawyer, Idaho State University
    Research on unsystematic intertemporal and risk choices
  • Dr. David Cox, Johns Honpkins School of Medicine
    Basic research on choice modeling, where consequences are simultaneously delayed and risky

 

Research Goals

The main goal of the Center is to conduct research. We focus on publication and dissemination of research results in the following areas:

  • Decision making in delayed conditions that simultaneously carry risky consequences

The majority of research projects in this area focus either on the intertemporal (time-related) aspects or on the risk factors of the decision making process. Our goal is to analyze the decision making process in situations when delay and risk are combined.

  • The impact of formal factors and cognitive control on unsystematic choices in research on discounting

The main goal of research in this area is to describe patterns of unsystematic discounting and to identify factors influencing this type of behavior. Apart from the formal decision characteristics, we take into consideration characteristics of cognitive control processes, mainly the executive functions of attention.

  • The role of mindfulness in intertemporal and risky decision making

The goal of this project is to show the impact of mindfulness, induced by visual or audio stimuli, on risky and intertemporal decision making. Additionally, we conduct systematic studies on the link between mindfulness competencies and psychological flexibility, and a subjective value of rewards requiring effort.

  • Affect heuristic - research among employees of the mining industry

The goal of the project is to research affect heuristic, i.e. the correlation between perceived benefit and risk assessment among miners and security guards.

  • Neurobehavioral correlates of effort-based decision making

The goal of the project is to discover a mathematical formula and neural indicators of subjective assessment of rewards that require effort, in situations where: the effort and rewards are real (real situations) or are imaginary (hypothetical situations), and when the reward assessment happens prior to receiving the reward (effort as a cost), and after receiving the reward (effort as an investment). We will conduct two experimental studies, including a behavioral study and one using the event-related potential (ERP) technique, measured with an electroencephalogram (EEG).

  • Cognitive inclinations of investors

The goal of the project is to research cognitive inclinations among stock market investors in the technical analysis domain.

  • Nudging: why does it work what are its foundations? The role of default options providing choice architecture, in research on discounting

The goal of the project is to examine how default options impact health, environmental, and saving behaviors, not only from the benefit perspective, but also losses, both in delayed and accelerated decisions. Research on default options in the discounting context are a new field of research. Studying default options in discounting may help to develop programs similar to Employee Investment Plans (PPK), health prevention programs, and may aid to maintain pro-environment behaviors.

  • Procrastination from the perspective of decision making research

 

Selected Publications

Books and articles

  • Cox, D.J., Sosine, J., & Dallery, J. (accepted). Application of the matching law to pitch selection in professional baseball. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis.
  • Cox, D.J., & Dallery, J. (2016). Effects of delay and probability combinations on discounting in humans. Behavioural Processes, 131, 15-23. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2016.08.002
  • Białaszek, W., Bakun, P., McGoun, E., & Zielonka, P. (2016). Standing in Your Peer’s Shoes Hurts Your Feats: The Self-Others Discrepancy in Risk Attitude and Impulsivity. Frontiers in Psychology, 7.
  • Białaszek, W., Ostaszewski, P., & Marcowski, P. (in press). Positive Time Preference for Monetary Sequences of Rewards: the Role of Temporal Spacing. Studia Psychologiczne.
  • Białaszek, W., Gaik, M., McGoun, E., & Zielonka, P. (2015). Impulsive people have a compulsion for immediate gratification—certain or uncertain. Frontiers in Psychology, 6.
  • Białaszek, W., & Ostaszewski, P. (2012). Discounting of sequences of delayed rewards of different amounts. Behavioural Processes, 89(1), 39-43.
  • Ostaszewski, P., & Bialaszek, W. (2010). Probabilistic discounting in “certain gain–uncertain loss” and “certain loss–uncertain gain” conditions. Behavioural Processes, 83(3), 344-348.

Conference Presentations

  • Cox, D.J., & Dallery, J. (May, 2016). Toward a Method for Measuring the Influence of Multiple Outcomes on Discounting. Association for Behavior Analysis International Annual Conference. Chicago, IL.
  • Marcowski, P., Białaszek, W., & Ostaszewski, P. (2016). Towards a Mathematical Description of Similarities and Differences in Physical and Cognitive Effort Discounting. Poster presentation at: “Society for Neuroeconomics Annual Convention 2016”, Berlin, Germany, August 28-31, 2016.
  • Białaszek, W., & Marcowski, P. (2016). The Uncertain Future: Amount Dependent Risk Inherent in Delay. Oral presentation at: “Association for Behavior Analysis International 42nd Annual Convention 2016”, Chicago, IL, USA, May 29-31, 2016 r.
  • Marcowski, P., Białaszek, W., & Ostaszewski, P. (2016). Brave the Pain but Savor the Pleasure? Empirical-Normative Discrepancies in Preferences for Single Outcomes of Losses and Sequences of Gains. Poster presentation at: “Association for Behavior Analysis International 42nd Annual Convention 2016”, Chicago, IL, USA, May 29-31, 2016.
  • Marcowski, P., Białaszek, W., & Ostaszewski, P. (2016). Another Perspective on the Magnitude Effect: Not Only the Value of a Single Outcome, but Also the Number of Payoffs Matters. Poster presentation at: “Society for the Quantitative Analyses of Behavior 39th Annual Meeting 2016”, Chicago, IL, USA, May 27-28, 2016.
  • Swebodziński, B., Ostaszewski, P., & Białaszek, W. (2016). Is the Size Important? Not after Frontal Lobe Damage. (2016). Poster presentation at: “Society for the Quantitative Analyses of Behavior 39th Annual Meeting 2016”, Chicago, IL, USA, May 27-28, 2016.
  • Białaszek, W. i Marcowski, P., & Ostaszewski, P. (2016). Frame the Small and Reflect the Large: Differential Effects of Amount on Reflection and Framing Effects in Probability Discounting. Poster presentation at: “Society for the Quantitative Analyses of Behavior 39th Annual Meeting 2016”, Chicago, IL, USA, May 27-28, 2016.
  • Losee, J., & Cox, D.J. (November, 2015). Discounting and Decision Making Under Hurricane Threat. Society for Judgment and Decision Making Annual Conference. Chicago, IL.
  • Marcowski, P., & Białaszek, W. (2015). Delayed and Uncertain Gains are Worth More Than Their Probable and Delayed Equivalents. Poster presentation at: “Neurocomputational Approaches to Decision Making: From Perception to Social Cognition”, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, August 14, 2015.
  • Flint, R.W., Jr., Marcowski, P., French, R., Karow, M., & Mosher, M. (2015). Effects of Glucose on Cognitively Demanding Memory Tasks. Poster presentation at: “5th International Max Planck Research School NeuroCom”, Leipzig, Germany, July 14, 2015.
  • Białaszek, W., & Ostaszewski, P. (2015). Physical and Cognitive Effort Discounting: Tests of Discounting Models. Poster presented at: “Society for the Quantitative Analyses of Behavior 39th Annual Meeting 2016”, San Antonio, TX, USA, May 22-26, 2015.

Contact:

DecisionLab: Center for Behavioral Research in Decision Making
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities
Chodakowska 19/31, Room N209
08-315 Warsaw, Poland
e-mail: wbialaszek@swps.edu.pl

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